Research Data

Definition of research data

Research data is “any information collected, stored, and processed to produce and validate original research results” [DeWitt Wallace Library]. There is no consensus on the definition, as it varies depending on disciplines and research funders.

Common data types in microbiology

Data types in microbiology include the following:

  • Crystallographic data
  • Geospatial data
  • Image data
  • Linked genotype and phenotype data
  • Linked Open Data (LOD)
  • Macromolecular structures (e.g. electron microscopy data)
  • Microbiome data (e.g. physical microbiome interactions)
  • Nucleic acid sequences (e.g. raw sequencing data (reads or traces), genome assemblies, annotated sequences, sample metadata) such as:
    • DNA sequences
      • (Meta)genomes
      • Genetic polymorphism
      • Genomic features
      • Genomic organization
    • RNA sequences
      • 16S ribosomal RNA sequences
      • Functional genomics / gene expression data (e.g. ribosome profiling)
      • RNA-protein interactions
      • Small RNA (sRNA)
      • Transcriptomes
  • Protein sequences
    • Protein-protein interactions
    • Proteomes
  • Quantitative and predictive food microbiology
  • Scientific texts
  • Semantic data
  • Species interaction data (e.g. physical microbial interaction data)
  • Standardized bacterial information
  • Vertebrate-virus network
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